Women Empowerment on the Train of ICT
Recognizing the complexity of the relationship between women and technology, by the 1980s feminists were exploring the gendered character of technology itself. Both socialist and radical feminists began to analyze the gendered nature of technical expertise, and put the spotlight on the artifacts themselves. The social factors that shape different technologies came under scrutiny, especially the way technology reflects gender divisions and inequalities. The problem was not only men’s monopoly of technology, but also the way gender is embedded in technology itself (J. Wajcman, Cambridge Journal of Economics 2009).
For radical feminism, women and men are fundamentally different and women’s power, women’s culture and women’s pleasure are regarded as having been systematically controlled and dominated by men, operating through patriarchal institutions like medicine and militarism. Western technology, like science, is deeply implicated in this masculine project of the domination and control of women and nature. This approach has been particularly influential in relation to the technologies of human biological reproduction (Corea et al., 1985; Spallone and Steinberg, 1987).
For some people, the point of no return begins at the very moment their
sould become aware of each other's existence.
The socialist feminist approach began by revealing that the division of labor was also a sexual hierarchy, and that its gendered nature was not incidental. A crucial historical perspective was brought to bear on the analysis of men’s monopoly of technology. Extensive research has demonstrated that women’s exclusion from technology was as a consequence of the male domination of skilled trades that developed during the Industrial Revolution (Bradley, 1989; Cockburn, 1983; Milkman, 1987).
The Key Forms and Features of Women's Empowerment
- Social Empowerment
- Political Empowerment
- Technological Empowerment
- Psychological Empowerment
SOME WONDERFUL MOMENT
To understand the failure or success of the skilled development training for women, we must be considering the core issues which help women to empower themselves and their communities in terms of ICT uses. In the next two chapter I am going analyzing and conceptualizing the field results of this paper and I will try to find out that how much effective and necessity of ICT to empower women.